The history of Babism and Baha’ism is filled with various enmities and conflicts between their leaders and followers. Much can be said about each conflict, but we will only refer to a small number of them below:
The conflicts among the Babis over the title of Him Whom God Shall Make Manifests
Twenty seven people among the Babis claimed to be the Promised One in the Book of Bayan, such as Muza Yahya Subh Azal, Mirza Husayn ‘Ali Nuri (Baha’u’llah), Mirza Asad-Allah Dayyan, Mirza Muhammad Nabil Zarandi, Mirza Ghugha Darwlsh, and Sayyid Basir Hini!. (Refer Muhammad ‘Ali Faydi, HadratBahd’u’lldh, pp. 103-104 for further details).
The conflicts, feuds, and bloodshed between Baha’u’llah and his brother Mirza Yahya Subh Azal and their followers that resulted in the exile of the Azalis (the supporters of Mirza Yahya Subh Azal) to Cyprus and the Baha’is to Palestine.
The conflicts and clashes between ‘Abdu’l-Baha and his brother Muhammad ‘Ali Effendi.
Baha’u’llah had willed that his successor would be Ghusn A’zam (‘Abdu’l-Baha’) and after him Ghusn Akbar (‘Abdu’l-Baha’s brother Muhammad ‘Ali): “God has destined the station [for] Ghusn Akbar after his position (meaning ‘Abdu’l-Baha’), for He is the Commanding Wise. We chose the Akbar after the A’zam, an order from the All Knowing and Aware (God). All must show kindness towards the two Ghusns All must respect and admire the two Ghusns,” Baha’u’llah, Majmu’iy-i alwah-i mubarak-ih, pp. 302-303. After Baha’u’llah’s death the two brothers differed on the amount of authority they had and fights ensued between them and their followers.
The disputes and arguments between Shoghi and those who opposed his successorship.
According to Baha’u’llah’s orders the successor after ‘Abdu’l-Baha was supposed to be his brother Ghusn Akbar. ‘Abdu’l-Baha disobeyed this decree and instead appointed his own grandson Shoghi Effendi as his successor. This resulted in many differences and conflicts between Shoghi and many Baha’is who didn’t accept his authority.
The dispute between Ruhiyyih Maxwell (Shoghi’s widow) and the Hands of the Cause with Mason Remey, the then president of the International Baha’i Council.
In contrast to what ‘Abdu’l-Baha had prophesized, Shoghi was sterile and had no children to succeed him. In a bid to become his successor, an internal conflict erupted between Baha’u’llah’s followers. Amongst these conflicts, the most intense was the one between Shoghi’s widow (Ruhiyyih Maxwell) and Mason Remey (President of the International Baha’i Council). Mason Remey claimed that the UHJ established by Ruhiyyih Maxwell was illegitimate and in a countermove the UHJ excommunicated Mason Remey from the Baha’i community.